# Messages

# MsgSetWithdrawAddress

By default, the withdraw address is the delegator address. To change its withdraw address, a delegator must send a MsgSetWithdrawAddress message. Changing the withdraw address is possible only if the parameter WithdrawAddrEnabled is set to true.

The withdraw address cannot be any of the module accounts. These accounts are blocked from being withdraw addresses by being added to the distribution keeper's blockedAddrs array at initialization.


Copy // MsgSetWithdrawAddress sets the withdraw address for // a delegator (or validator self-delegation). message MsgSetWithdrawAddress { option (cosmos.msg.v1.signer) = "delegator_address"; option (gogoproto.equal) = false; option (gogoproto.goproto_getters) = false; string delegator_address = 1 [(cosmos_proto.scalar) = "cosmos.AddressString"]; string withdraw_address = 2 [(cosmos_proto.scalar) = "cosmos.AddressString"]; }

Copy func (k Keeper) SetWithdrawAddr(ctx sdk.Context, delegatorAddr sdk.AccAddress, withdrawAddr sdk.AccAddress) error if k.blockedAddrs[withdrawAddr.String()] { fail with "`{withdrawAddr}` is not allowed to receive external funds" } if !k.GetWithdrawAddrEnabled(ctx) { fail with `ErrSetWithdrawAddrDisabled` } k.SetDelegatorWithdrawAddr(ctx, delegatorAddr, withdrawAddr)

# MsgWithdrawDelegatorReward

A delegator can withdraw its rewards. Internally in the distribution module, this transaction simultaneously removes the previous delegation with associated rewards, the same as if the delegator simply started a new delegation of the same value. The rewards are sent immediately from the distribution ModuleAccount to the withdraw address. Any remainder (truncated decimals) are sent to the community pool. The starting height of the delegation is set to the current validator period, and the reference count for the previous period is decremented. The amount withdrawn is deducted from the ValidatorOutstandingRewards variable for the validator.

In the F1 distribution, the total rewards are calculated per validator period, and a delegator receives a piece of those rewards in proportion to their stake in the validator. In basic F1, the total rewards that all the delegators are entitled to between to periods is calculated the following way. Let R(X) be the total accumulated rewards up to period X divided by the tokens staked at that time. The delegator allocation is R(X) * delegator_stake. Then the rewards for all the delegators for staking between periods A and B are (R(B) - R(A)) * total stake. However, these calculated rewards don't account for slashing.

Taking the slashes into account requires iteration. Let F(X) be the fraction a validator is to be slashed for a slashing event that happened at period X. If the validator was slashed at periods P1, ..., PN, where A < P1, PN < B, the distribution module calculates the individual delegator's rewards, T(A, B), as follows:

Copy stake := initial stake rewards := 0 previous := A for P in P1, ..., PN`: rewards = (R(P) - previous) * stake stake = stake * F(P) previous = P rewards = rewards + (R(B) - R(PN)) * stake

The historical rewards are calculated retroactively by playing back all the slashes and then attenuating the delegator's stake at each step. The final calculated stake is equivalent to the actual staked coins in the delegation with a margin of error due to rounding errors.


Copy // MsgWithdrawDelegatorReward represents delegation withdrawal to a delegator // from a single validator. message MsgWithdrawDelegatorReward { option (cosmos.msg.v1.signer) = "delegator_address"; option (gogoproto.equal) = false; option (gogoproto.goproto_getters) = false; string delegator_address = 1 [(cosmos_proto.scalar) = "cosmos.AddressString"]; string validator_address = 2 [(cosmos_proto.scalar) = "cosmos.AddressString"]; }

# WithdrawValidatorCommission

The validator can send the WithdrawValidatorCommission message to withdraw their accumulated commission. The commission is calculated in every block during BeginBlock, so no iteration is required to withdraw. The amount withdrawn is deducted from the ValidatorOutstandingRewards variable for the validator. Only integer amounts can be sent. If the accumulated awards have decimals, the amount is truncated before the withdrawal is sent, and the remainder is left to be withdrawn later.

# FundCommunityPool

This message sends coins directly from the sender to the community pool.

The transaction fails if the amount cannot be transferred from the sender to the distribution module account.

Copy func (k Keeper) FundCommunityPool(ctx sdk.Context, amount sdk.Coins, sender sdk.AccAddress) error { if err := k.bankKeeper.SendCoinsFromAccountToModule(ctx, sender, types.ModuleName, amount); err != nil { return err } feePool := k.GetFeePool(ctx) feePool.CommunityPool = feePool.CommunityPool.Add(sdk.NewDecCoinsFromCoins(amount...)...) k.SetFeePool(ctx, feePool) return nil }

# Common distribution operations

These operations take place during many different messages.

# Initialize delegation

Each time a delegation is changed, the rewards are withdrawn and the delegation is reinitialized. Initializing a delegation increments the validator period and keeps track of the starting period of the delegation.

Copy // initialize starting info for a new delegation func (k Keeper) initializeDelegation(ctx sdk.Context, val sdk.ValAddress, del sdk.AccAddress) { // period has already been incremented - we want to store the period ended by this delegation action previousPeriod := k.GetValidatorCurrentRewards(ctx, val).Period - 1 // increment reference count for the period we're going to track k.incrementReferenceCount(ctx, val, previousPeriod) validator := k.stakingKeeper.Validator(ctx, val) delegation := k.stakingKeeper.Delegation(ctx, del, val) // calculate delegation stake in tokens // we don't store directly, so multiply delegation shares * (tokens per share) // note: necessary to truncate so we don't allow withdrawing more rewards than owed stake := validator.TokensFromSharesTruncated(delegation.GetShares()) k.SetDelegatorStartingInfo(ctx, val, del, types.NewDelegatorStartingInfo(previousPeriod, stake, uint64(ctx.BlockHeight()))) }